The issue of law and ethical procedures is indeed a very exciting scenario. In most cases this is the situation where most of the researchers and community engagers find themselves. We are caught in the conflict of law with ethical procedures. In most cases, any research is supposed to respect the law of the land. In the Thai situation, the issue of needle exchange is perceived to be illegal. And that’s it. There is need for advocates to push for legislation of laws that are not in conflict with certain practices in society. In Zambia, we have been facing this same problem is terms of conducting research on MSM. Any mention of statistics on MSM is perceived to be illegal. How then do we reconcile law and ethical standards?