For me back here in lagos Nigeria, every formative research carried involves community key opinion leaders in the design , administering of research activities, the only challenge that comes on along is the dissemination of formative research results through the community stakeholders approval. This is one challenge I do forsee in my context. But all there is some level to great extent of involving community stakeholders especially when it comes with research with MSMs or PWIDs or FSWs. there is a level of stakeholder consultation activities