When resources are insufficient to support formal formative research activities, we have partnered with other research programs who may already be partnering with the communities. In this way we can potentially leverage the fact that a group has already gathered a group of key informants or a focus group and we might be able to add questions onto a survey or participate/partner in the focus group management. Additionally, I would agree that capitalizing on staff both being members of the community and knowledgeable about the communities they are members of can be leveraged.