When resources are insufficient for formal formative research, we collaborate with Ministry of Health, National AIDs Council, NACA, SACA, LSACA, Global Fund, FHI 360, Heartland Alliance International, International Network of People who Use Drugs (INPUD), Nigeria Network of People who Use Drugs (NNPUD), and other partners & community based organizations. We proceed to identify our key stakeholders; we collaborate with our community stakeholders in mapping the different sites and communities in which the research proceedings will take place. However, we used all the above, even with insufficient resources we have been able to facilitate the participation of community stakeholders in initial outreach and information gathering.