<span style=”font-size: 12pt; line-height: normal; text-indent: -0.25in;”> Discuss the link between formative research and community engagement for a trial. How are they alike? What are some differences between the two?</span>

Both Formative Research and community engagement enable the research team to gain knowledge and better understanding of the community where they intend to conduct the research.These two provide the research team with information regarding the local population, community power dynamics, channels of communication, sociology-cultural norms of the community, and the decision making processes in the community.

Both activities can be conducted informally and formally  as long as the methodology yields results.


Formative research informs the community engagement process.So information gathered during the formative research will guide the activities of the community engagement process through out the trial process.

Formative research activities are encouraged to be conducted before the implementation of the study, so that the team has clear understanding of the community where they intend to work. On the other hand, community engagement is a continuous process from before trial starts, during the trial and after trial.

<span style=”font-size: 12pt; line-height: normal; text-indent: -0.25in;”>Has your site conducted formative research activities? How have you involved community stakeholders in formative research activities at your trial site? If not, how could you potentially involve them?</span>

Yes we have conducted formative research before.

We have engaged community stakeholders in the following ways;

1. Our institution has CAB, this is our first point of reference every when we want to engage the out side community. They help us penetrate other sub sections of the community that we are required to engage.

2. For example we had research study that involved Men who have sex with men, this was a new population that we had not with before, so we decided to look for organizations in Kampala that work closely with them. We held a series of meetings with the organization heads to provide  us with insightful information to feed in the planning process of our proposed research.

3. Worked with peers leaders of the target population, to try and understand the study population and device means of working well with them throughout the study duration.

4. For other studies we have involved worked closely with the local government, health workers in the community, leadership structure in the community.

We all have to always to remember that the stakeholder to engage depends on the study in the pipeline.